There are so many reasons to setting up your own home composting project - it lessens the amount of domestic waste, directly eases the burden of public waste disposal, saving resources and reducing pollution while at the same time providing nutrients for the soil that you use in your garden - vital green pockets within the city.
If you have already understood the most basic formula of home compost, which is:
Raw materials (i.e. organic waste) + Time (2 - 3 months) + Container (to keep the waste) + Natural organic decomposition process = COMPOST that nourishes the earth, you are ready to start making your own home compost!
A proper vessel is needed to store waste and initiate the composting process. The amount of organic waste produced in your home will determine the size of the container. There are many different types of viable containers including those made from plastic or ceramic. Special compost buckets that are particularly durable can be ordered from either Daily Dump or the Foundation for Greentech Environmental Systems, however, simple, cheap buckets are great and as effective as any other container. A good example of an excellent container is a big trash can. A few holes have to be made in your bucket to allow for air circulation. Furthermore, a stand is needed in order to prevent rusting. Lastly, the bucket should be placed in a sunny area to ensure optimal composting.
2. Waste Seperation
If you haven't started waste seperation , this is the right time to start. Organic waste such as vegetable waste and fruit peels along with some old newspaper is all that you need for composting.
The easiest part. All that is necessary is that you place your organic waste in the container daily and close the lid.
The compost should not be kept too dry nor too wet. If it is too dry, water should be added; if it is too wet, add dry leaves to it. Stir the contents of the container from time to time in order to encourage decomposition. Remember, sunlight is important.
5. Using your compost
After around 60-90 days your compost should be ready. The compost should be dark brown with a good odour This means that it contains plenty of nutrients. You can use the compost either in your own garden , for growing vegetables or can simply return it to nature.
Visit website and community organisations involved in home composting projects. Ask your fellow home composters if you have problems and post your experiences too. Most importantly, spread the word on the benefits of home composting. For a broader look at soil health in a global context, check out e-learning platform Allversity's series on 'Understanding Soil'.
Another simple way of producing nutrient-rich fertiliser is to create your own worm farm. Worms feeds on organic scraps and the excrement they produce can then be used in the garden.