Description of the project
A child of today cannot develop to be a responsible and productive member of tomorrow’s society unless an environment, which is conductive to his intellectual, physical and social health, is assured to him.
Childhood holds the potential and also sets the limit to the future development of the child as well as of the society. Children are the source for future humanity. Neglecting children means it is big loss of source to the society as a whole. If children are deprived of their childhood socially, economically, physically and mentally – the nation gets deprived of potential human resources for the social progress, economic empowerment, peace and order, social stability and good citizen In Tamilnadu, according to 2001 census, there are 12.62 lakhs child workers. 76% of them were male and 24% were female child workers. The survey conducted by Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) in 2003 revealed that the number had dipped below one lakh and stood at child labourers in Tamilnadu.especialy in our target of chidambaram Taluk,.
Causes of Child Labour
Tradition of making children learn the family skills
Absense of universal compulsory primary education
Social apathy and tolerance of child labour
Ignorance of the parents about the adverse consequences of child labour
Ineffective enforcement of the legal provisions pertaining of child labour
Non-availability of and non-accessibility to schools
Irrelevant and non-attractive school curriculum
Employers prefer children as they constitute cheap labour and they are not able to organize themselves against exploitation.
Consequences of Child Labour
Stunted growth of future generation.
Inability to harness human resources.
Inability to contribute to development.
Inability to benefit from development.
Citizens with accumulated frustration.
Depreciation in Wages.
Perpetuation of Poverty.
Persistence of child labour.
Perpetuation of economic inequality.
Increased abuse of children.
Citizens with inferiority complex.
Early morbidity of citizens.
Mental deformity of citizens.
Perpetuation of ill treatment.
Inter generational phenomenon of child labour.
Increase bottlenecks in the development process.
Wasted human resources.
Wasted human talents and skills.
Scientists, artists and persons of eminence lost to child labour.
Therefore, this project is proposed to find a long-lasting solution to school drop outs and child labourers with in three year project priod.
Aims are: To prevent children below the age of 14 from working for wages or for a living in hazardous or non-hazardous occupations.
To take steps to identify and release every child below the age of 14 years, if found working.
To take all measures to rehabilitate the released child labour.
To implement various developmental schemes, poverty alleviation programmes and self employment schemes to benefit the families of child labour.
To take up massive awareness generation programmes through community participation and to create a positive climate for eradication of child labour.
ACTION PLAN FOR ERADICATION OF CHILD LABOUR
The action plan is for 45 panchayat villages of MelBhuvanagiri block of Chidambaram Taluk of Cuddalore District where the child labourers are seen and the following programme will be implemented in the identified 49 villages to create positive changes in the live of children below 14 years of age.
a. Survey and Identification of Working Children
A database would be create on the number of working children and profile of parents.
A micro-planning exercise should be undertaken to identify available resources and infrastructure.
The survey would be carried out by SWEAD staffs assistance with our volunteers.
b. Rehabilitation of Child Labour
The Child Labour identified would be released from work and admitted in National Child Labour Project special schools in the districts where NCLP is functioning.
In the non-NCLP districts the child labour identified would be admitted in the alternate schools proposed to be run by the Education department under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan scheme.
c. Enrolment of Children in the Age Group 5 to 7 Years
A special enrolment drive would be carried out by the SWEAD along with the Education Department.
d. Mainstreaming Child Labour to Formal Schools
Children to be mainstreamed from NCLP special schools to formal schools after completion of their students in the special schools.
Follow up of mainstreamed children in assessing their performance by teachers and offering support.
Maintaining accurate data on the number of children mainstreamed.
e. Strengthening of Formal Education
Strengthening of Parent-Teacher Associations up to primary level.
Strengthening the village Education Committees.
Insist on the Tamilnadu Primary Education Act 1964.
f. Insist of Legislations Relating to Prohibition of Child Labour
Child Labour prevention squads to be formed with authorized volunteers / Nongovernmental organizations, Doctors and Enforcement Authorities.
Effective enforcement of the labour laws relating to prohibition of child labour.
g. Awareness Generation
Widespread awareness generation to create a positive climate for children to go to school and not work.
Effective utilization of folk, print and electronic media.
Sensitization programme for all Government officials on child rights.
Training for N.S.S, N.C.C, Women Groups, Parent-Teachers Association and Panchayat Presidents on the issues relating to child labour.
Observance of a specific day as ‘Anti Child Labour Day’. (June 12th is being observed as Anti Child Labour Day by ILO)
h. Targeted Implementation of Development Programmes
Focusing of development schemes in the district to benefit child labour families.
Focusing on rescued Child Labour in utilization of special funds like Tamilnadu Manual Workers Social Security and Welfare Fund etc.
Parents of rescued child labour would be given priority in the existing poverty alleviation and income generation programmes.
To supplement income loss, mothers of rescued child labour to be given appropriate skill training and encouraged to form women’s Self Help Groups.
i. Convergence of Services
In addition to the specific measures under the Action Plan, convergence of the existing services of the following departments, on Governmental Organizations and other bodies is necessary to eliminate child labour.
Identified children shifted to Educational Systems.
Public Education System strengthened to ensure that younger children do not enter the workspace.
Skills of identified Adolescents improved.
Health status of identified children would be enhanced form despair to hope.
Public awareness raised on the issue of child labour and a situation created where all children are in school.
Progress of identified children tracked to ensure that they have benefitted from the project initiatives.
Number of children rehabilitated to the main stream of formal education.
Number of employers given-up the child labour practice in their premises.
Number of child labourer’s family have stable income to be independent.
Evaluating the active functioning of village level and block level committees by evaluating their involvement in the mission.
Reduction in the number as well as percentage of child labourers.
Number of awareness programmes conducted and the changes took place after the awareness programmes.
Sustainability of the project depend completely with community education and volunteers support. So, SWEAD will form village level community volunteer groups they will carry out this project in future, But, we want trained them.
Total project cost in Euro for three years. 52,181